Click here to close now.

Welcome!

GovIT Authors: Yakov Fain, Brad Thies, Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Kevin Jackson

Related Topics: SOA & WOA, XML, Virtualization, Cloud Expo, GovIT

SOA & WOA: Blog Feed Post

StreetCred: Big Data Finds Fugitives

StreetCred Software is a Big Data solution designed by two Texas police officers

By

Traffic citations are critical for funding police departments, courts, and municipalities. Unpaid citations or missed court appearances result in warrants and additional fees, but finding or arresting fugitives and collecting unpaid fines is difficult as well as time and manpower intensive. As a result, the process often stops there. In Texas alone, there is almost $1 billion in outstanding warrants, with $300 million in Houston and $100 million in Dallas.

StreetCred Software is a Big Data solution designed by two Texas police officers, one a technology industry veteran who  later joined the force to cut down on that backlog by collecting and analyzing all available information to optimize and manage the entire warrant lifecycle. When tested over a year within a Texas police department, StreetCred helped warrant officers increase their successful contacts by more than threefold while decreasing costs per contact by nearly three quarters.

A good misdemeanor warrant officer will spend days planning routes, printing maps and photos, checking addresses, doing paperwork, and other research and preparation before he or she can actually go out and make contacts and arrests. As a result, in smaller agencies, the warrant officer will typically only spend one to two days per week in the field, during which he or she can expect to make five to seven good contacts where they speak with or confirm the address of a. Aside from a lack of basic route planning, this rate is hampered by false, misleading, or simply incorrect information as well as attempts to avoid law enforcement by fugitives. To determine which warrants are worthwhile and which are misleading, or which home or work address to check, a veteran warrant officer will consider dozens of small factors such as, available information on the fugitive’s employment, the given neighborhood, and the type of violation or crime committed. This undocumented, manual, and repetitive  process helps officers determine which warrants to pursue and how. Failures in this complex and subtle process mean missed contacts and missed opportunities.

StreetCred Software uses Big Data analysis techniques to automate these procedures and hunches. The software aggregates court, police, and law enforcement database records together with open source and other information. It alerts officers of potentially dangerous fugitives by correlating misdemeanor data with felony and violent history data from sources traditionally unavailable to warrant officers.

It compiles those records, storing them on server in the agency’s data room, and accessed by a secure connection from the standard laptop in the cruiser, so that he or she doesn’t need to assemble and carry around several boxes of papers, and analyzes that data, automating the conclusions and hunches of a good warrant officer.

StreetCred can do that because it’s built for cops by cops, and its c0-creator, David Henderson, has run a warrant department for a Texas agency, pursuing misdemeanor and felony fugitives. In his 15 years in law enforcement, David has tracked and arrested over 600 violent felony criminals including a child murderer featured on the television show America’s Most Wanted, and has worked that experience, as well as the insight of his colleagues, into StreetCred’s algorithms.

Using all of the available information, StreetCred scores the thousands or tens of thousands of warrants that it works with on a scale of 1 to 100, with the highest scores being the ones most likely to result in an easy contact or arrest. This helps the agency prioritize their warrants and not waste time with warrants that are no longer relevant, have insufficient or false information, or are otherwise unlikely to yield results. Such warrants may also be important and would then be pursued by the police department, possibly with the help of StreetCred, but are not a good choice for quickly clearing the backlog or collecting revenue. StreetCred also plots warrants on a map with their scores and whether the address is home or work to help with route optimization. Once contact has been made, StreetCred uses the information it gathers to help fill out the paperwork associated with the contact, freeing up more time. As a result, when StreetCred was implemented with a Texas law enforcement agency, it took the average number of contacts per day from 5 to 22 during the first year.

StreetCred’s interface also simplifies making contacts. All of the relevant data on a fugitive can easily be accessed through the touch-screen laptop in the officer’s cruiser, which means that it is intuitive and can be used quickly on a touch screen. Relevant information is prominently displayed in such a way that officers can reference it while driving without getting distracted, information important for officer safety such as the picture of the fugitive stays on screen, and all the buttons are large for easy access, with no information more than one click away. Agencies can also add their own information, such as overlaying crime hot spots or sex offenders on to the fugitive map.

StreetCred has been tested for a year in a small city near Dallas where it achieved impressive results. It reduced the cost-per-contact by 68%  by lowering required research time, printing costs, and vehicle operations costs, and more than doubled the clearance rate per hour worked of misdemeanor warrants.

Fugitive hunting software can be worrying due to both privacy and information security concerns, but StreetCred Software takes both into account. The algorithms never factor in race or gender when scoring warrants, and the software helps keep track of contacts and arrests to prevent abuses.  StreetCred is also less concerned with finding good warrants than throwing out bad ones. Numerous features are built in to ensure that sensitive information isn’t leaked such as extensive physical and information security measures in the infrastructure, making sure that no information leaves StreetCred without encryption, and special views on the mobile versions of the software to prevent private information from being seen by onlookers when an officer is walking around or asking neighbors if they’ve seen the person in their picture.

As with all innovative solutions, however, StreetCred raises several questions and concerns that will need to be addressed with time and wider deployment. The most obvious is that some of its initial success may simply be a result of plucking the lowest hanging fruit, the warrants just waiting to be collected. Once officers begin to work through the backlog, the more challenging warrants will remain, which may lower the success rate. Still, given current backlogs, this would be a good problem to have. Another concern is the focus on misdemeanor warrants. While this approach makes sense given tight budgets, some of these features would be valuable for felony warrants as well and could do serious good there. Fortunately, StreetCred Software Inc. intends to launch its felony warrant solution in a few months.

StreetCred is a great example of how Big Data can be leveraged for public safety. As with predictive policing, StreetCred helps officers do more and better with less time and money, which is critical now with shrinking departments and budgets. While StreetCred already handles an otherwise overwhelming amount of information, it’s working to make the data even bigger by enabling national cooperation and information sharing among law enforcement agencies. As StreetCred, which is currently deployed at a handful of agencies, continues its launch, we can look forward to more creative and necessary applications of Big Data for law enforcement, government, and public safety.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Bob Gourley

Bob Gourley, former CTO of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), is Founder and CTO of Crucial Point LLC, a technology research and advisory firm providing fact based technology reviews in support of venture capital, private equity and emerging technology firms. He has extensive industry experience in intelligence and security and was awarded an intelligence community meritorious achievement award by AFCEA in 2008, and has also been recognized as an Infoworld Top 25 CTO and as one of the most fascinating communicators in Government IT by GovFresh.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
With several hundred implementations of IoT-enabled solutions in the past 12 months alone, this session will focus on experience over the art of the possible. Many can only imagine the most advanced telematics platform ever deployed, supporting millions of customers, producing tens of thousands events or GBs per trip, and hundreds of TBs per month. With the ability to support a billion sensor events per second, over 30PB of warm data for analytics, and hundreds of PBs for an data analytics archive, in his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Kaskade, Vice President and General Manager, Big Data & Ana...
As organizations shift toward IT-as-a-service models, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and now cloud environments grows with it. CommVault can ensure protection &E-Discovery of your data – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud, or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enterprise. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Randy De Meno, Chief Technologist - Windows Products and Microsoft Partnerships, will discuss how to cut costs, scale easily, and unleash insight with CommVault Simpana software, the only si...
In the consumer IoT, everything is new, and the IT world of bits and bytes holds sway. But industrial and commercial realms encompass operational technology (OT) that has been around for 25 or 50 years. This grittier, pre-IP, more hands-on world has much to gain from Industrial IoT (IIoT) applications and principles. But adding sensors and wireless connectivity won’t work in environments that demand unwavering reliability and performance. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ron Sege, CEO of Echelon, will discuss how as enterprise IT embraces other IoT-related technology trends, enterprises with i...
When it comes to the Internet of Things, hooking up will get you only so far. If you want customers to commit, you need to go beyond simply connecting products. You need to use the devices themselves to transform how you engage with every customer and how you manage the entire product lifecycle. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sean Lorenz, Technical Product Manager for Xively at LogMeIn, will show how “product relationship management” can help you leverage your connected devices and the data they generate about customer usage and product performance to deliver extremely compelling and reliabl...
The Internet of Things (IoT) is causing data centers to become radically decentralized and atomized within a new paradigm known as “fog computing.” To support IoT applications, such as connected cars and smart grids, data centers' core functions will be decentralized out to the network's edges and endpoints (aka “fogs”). As this trend takes hold, Big Data analytics platforms will focus on high-volume log analysis (aka “logs”) and rely heavily on cognitive-computing algorithms (aka “cogs”) to make sense of it all.
Hadoop as a Service (as offered by handful of niche vendors now) is a cloud computing solution that makes medium and large-scale data processing accessible, easy, fast and inexpensive. In his session at Big Data Expo, Kumar Ramamurthy, Vice President and Chief Technologist, EIM & Big Data, at Virtusa, will discuss how this is achieved by eliminating the operational challenges of running Hadoop, so one can focus on business growth. The fragmented Hadoop distribution world and various PaaS solutions that provide a Hadoop flavor either make choices for customers very flexible in the name of opti...
HP and Aruba Networks on Monday announced a definitive agreement for HP to acquire Aruba, a provider of next-generation network access solutions for the mobile enterprise, for $24.67 per share in cash. The equity value of the transaction is approximately $3.0 billion, and net of cash and debt approximately $2.7 billion. Both companies' boards of directors have approved the deal. "Enterprises are facing a mobile-first world and are looking for solutions that help them transition legacy investments to the new style of IT," said Meg Whitman, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of HP...
The Workspace-as-a-Service (WaaS) market will grow to $6.4B by 2018. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Seth Bostock, CEO of IndependenceIT, will begin by walking the audience through the evolution of Workspace as-a-Service, where it is now vs. where it going. To look beyond the desktop we must understand exactly what WaaS is, who the users are, and where it is going in the future. IT departments, ISVs and service providers must look to workflow and automation capabilities to adapt to growing demand and the rapidly changing workspace model.
One of the biggest impacts of the Internet of Things is and will continue to be on data; specifically data volume, management and usage. Companies are scrambling to adapt to this new and unpredictable data reality with legacy infrastructure that cannot handle the speed and volume of data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Don DeLoach, CEO and president of Infobright, will discuss how companies need to rethink their data infrastructure to participate in the IoT, including: Data storage: Understanding the kinds of data: structured, unstructured, big/small? Analytics: What kinds and how responsiv...
Since 2008 and for the first time in history, more than half of humans live in urban areas, urging cities to become “smart.” Today, cities can leverage the wide availability of smartphones combined with new technologies such as Beacons or NFC to connect their urban furniture and environment to create citizen-first services that improve transportation, way-finding and information delivery. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Laetitia Gazel-Anthoine, CEO of Connecthings, will focus on successful use cases.
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
The true value of the Internet of Things (IoT) lies not just in the data, but through the services that protect the data, perform the analysis and present findings in a usable way. With many IoT elements rooted in traditional IT components, Big Data and IoT isn’t just a play for enterprise. In fact, the IoT presents SMBs with the prospect of launching entirely new activities and exploring innovative areas. CompTIA research identifies several areas where IoT is expected to have the greatest impact.
Wearable devices have come of age. The primary applications of wearables so far have been "the Quantified Self" or the tracking of one's fitness and health status. We propose the evolution of wearables into social and emotional communication devices. Our BE(tm) sensor uses light to visualize the skin conductance response. Our sensors are very inexpensive and can be massively distributed to audiences or groups of any size, in order to gauge reactions to performances, video, or any kind of presentation. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Jocelyn Scheirer, CEO & Founder of Bionolux, will discuss ho...
Cloud data governance was previously an avoided function when cloud deployments were relatively small. With the rapid adoption in public cloud – both rogue and sanctioned, it’s not uncommon to find regulated data dumped into public cloud and unprotected. This is why enterprises and cloud providers alike need to embrace a cloud data governance function and map policies, processes and technology controls accordingly. In her session at 15th Cloud Expo, Evelyn de Souza, Data Privacy and Compliance Strategy Leader at Cisco Systems, will focus on how to set up a cloud data governance program and s...
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at SOA Software, had reached 30,000 page views on his home page - http://RobertoMedrano.SYS-CON.com/ - on the SYS-CON family of online magazines, which includes Cloud Computing Journal, Internet of Things Journal, Big Data Journal, and SOA World Magazine. He is a recognized executive in the information technology fields of SOA, internet security, governance, and compliance. He has extensive experience with both start-ups and large companies, having been involved at the beginning of four IT industries: EDA, Open Systems, Computer Security and now SOA.
The industrial software market has treated data with the mentality of “collect everything now, worry about how to use it later.” We now find ourselves buried in data, with the pervasive connectivity of the (Industrial) Internet of Things only piling on more numbers. There’s too much data and not enough information. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Bob Gates, Global Marketing Director, GE’s Intelligent Platforms business, to discuss how realizing the power of IoT, software developers are now focused on understanding how industrial data can create intelligence for industrial operations. Imagine ...
Operational Hadoop and the Lambda Architecture for Streaming Data Apache Hadoop is emerging as a distributed platform for handling large and fast incoming streams of data. Predictive maintenance, supply chain optimization, and Internet-of-Things analysis are examples where Hadoop provides the scalable storage, processing, and analytics platform to gain meaningful insights from granular data that is typically only valuable from a large-scale, aggregate view. One architecture useful for capturing and analyzing streaming data is the Lambda Architecture, representing a model of how to analyze rea...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Vitria Technology, Inc. will exhibit at SYS-CON’s @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Vitria will showcase the company’s new IoT Analytics Platform through live demonstrations at booth #330. Vitria’s IoT Analytics Platform, fully integrated and powered by an operational intelligence engine, enables customers to rapidly build and operationalize advanced analytics to deliver timely business outcomes for use cases across the industrial, enterprise, and consumer segments.