Welcome!

Government Cloud Authors: Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Gopala Krishna Behara, Raju Myadam, Kevin Jackson

Related Topics: Java IoT, Microsoft Cloud, @CloudExpo

Java IoT: Article

PaaS: .NET vs Java EE

Java EE PaaS options

Windows Azure and PaaS for the .NET World
Ever since the beginning of this century a comparison between the platform capabilities of Java EE (Java Enterprise Edition) and Microsoft .NET has been a common discussion when choosing an enterprise platforms.

With the advent of Cloud, Microsoft has taken a lead with the Windows Azure PaaS (Platform as a Service).

Many key decision makers for cloud enablement now have questions on how good an equivalent the Java EE platform could be.

Windows Azure Stack
From a platform perspective Windows Azure provides a complete list of options that are available to.NET developers  in a  ‘On Premise' setup, which includes:

  • Full support for .NET framework and languages like C#, Visual Basic
  • Web development using ASP.NET
  • Distributed processing using WCF (Windows Communication Framework)
  • Enterprise database support with SQL Azure
  • Data access services using ADO.NET and LINQ
  • Rich Internet Application support using Silverlight

Above all is out-of-the box support from .NET IDE VisualStudio, which provides customized templates for the development and deployment of applications to cloud.

Windows Azure acts as a robust PaaS in the sense that with the support from Visual Studio we could develop, configure and publish a package from an end-to-end perspective to the Azure platform.

Java EE PaaS Options
The Java counterpart of the .NET platform, referred to earlier as J2EE, is now called  Java EE and it offers several enterprise class features for multi-tiered enterprise development. Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 6 is the industry standard for enterprise Java computing. Utilize the new, lightweight Java EE 6 Web Profile to create next-generation web applications, and the full power of the Java EE 6 platform for enterprise applications. Developers will benefit from productivity improvements with more annotations, more POJOs, simplified packaging, and less XML configuration. The following are some of the PaaS offering for Java EE in Cloud.

1. Google App Engine for Java
Google App Engine enables you to build and host web apps on the same systems that power Google applications. App Engine offers fast development and deployment; simple administration, with no need to worry about hardware, patches or backups; and effortless scalability.

Google App Engine provides a PaaS environment for both Java EE and Python. The following features are supported especially for Java EE:

  • The Java environment provides a Java 6 JVM, a Java Servlets interface, and support for standard interfaces to the App Engine scalable datastore and services, such as JDO, JPA, JavaMail, and JCache.
  • Much like Visual Studio for Azure, Google App Engine for the Java EE Platform is supported by the Eclipse IDE for simplified development and deployment of Java EE applications.

Unsupported Features in Google App Engine:

  • Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is not supported as part of the Google Apps Engine
  • A UI development framework like JSF (JavaServer Faces) is not directly supported
  • Other Java EE standards like JMS (Messaging Service) and Web Service Specifications

2. Makara (Red Hat) PaaS Platform
The Makara Cloud Application Platform is the first intelligent auto-scaling solution for applications in the cloud that doesn't require templates to be tweaked or scripts to be written and maintained. Create rich, collaborative Custom Cloud 2 apps fast without buying hardware or installing software. Force.com provide a complete platform with a simplified programming model.

The Makara Platform enables organizations to deploy, manage, monitor and scale their Java and LAMP applications on both public and private clouds, such as Amazon EC2 and VMware-based Clouds, without any modifications.

Currently supported software components include:

  • Apache
  • MySQL
  • PHP
  • Java
  • Tomcat
  • JBoss

Much like the Google App Engine, enterprise Java EE features such as JMS and EJB are not available in the Makara platform and also the reference implementations and case studies have yet to evolve.

3. Force.com
SalesForce is a leading provider of the SaaS platform for customer relationship management on Cloud. They also have a PaaS offering Force.com that give developers a platform to create rich, collaborative Custom Cloud 2 apps fast without buying hardware or installing software. Force.com provides a complete platform with a simplified programming model.

The development platform of Force.com, called Apex, is ‘Java Like' but not truly Java.

With Force.com, you get a full enterprise application development stack including a complete user interface to your data, comprehensive reporting and analytic capabilities, a flexible security and sharing model, and workflow and approvals - all available and integrated from the start. You can even leverage extended features such as built-in internationalization, full support for mobile devices, and integration with existing systems.

Some of the pros that makes it convenient for Java EE developers are :

  • Eclipse-based IDE
  • Syntax similar to Java EE
  • Web services support
  • Standard MVC design
  • HTML and other web technologies such as AJAX and CSS

From a classic perspective, Force.com is not a Java EE platform but the similarities are enough for it to be considered as a PaaS choice by Java EE developers.

4. Amazon EC2 + IBM Stack
This is not a PaaS offering but rather a customized IaaS offering. However, for the sake of choice for Java EE on Cloud, this is still a strong contender.

Amazon EC2 presents a true virtual computing environment that allows you to use web service interfaces to launch instances with a variety of operating systems, load them with your custom application environment, manage your network's access permissions, and run your image using as many or few systems as you desire.

Amazon EC2 enables partners and customers to build and customize Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) with software based on their needs. IBM and Amazon Web Services have teamed up to provide the ability to use Amazon EC2 to run several IBM platform technologies such as WebSphere Application Server, which provides a Java EE platform.

Conclusion
Java EE PaaS offerings are evolving and we'll see more players in the future. However, due to full support from the Azure platform, .NET as a PaaS is fully mature. But the above mentioned Java EE PaaS will support developer needs.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Highly passionate about utilizing Digital Technologies to enable next generation enterprise. Believes in enterprise transformation through the Natives (Cloud Native & Mobile Native).

@ThingsExpo Stories
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Arvind Radhakrishnen discussed how IoT offers new business models in banking and financial services organizations with the capability to revolutionize products, payments, channels, business processes and asset management built on strong architectural foundation. The following topics were covered: How IoT stands to impact various business parameters including customer experience, cost and risk management within BFS organizations.
Here are the Top 20 Twitter Influencers of the month as determined by the Kcore algorithm, in a range of current topics of interest from #IoT to #DeepLearning. To run a real-time search of a given term in our website and see the current top influencers, click on the topic name. Among the top 20 IoT influencers, ThingsEXPO ranked #14 and CloudEXPO ranked #17.
While the focus and objectives of IoT initiatives are many and diverse, they all share a few common attributes, and one of those is the network. Commonly, that network includes the Internet, over which there isn't any real control for performance and availability. Or is there? The current state of the art for Big Data analytics, as applied to network telemetry, offers new opportunities for improving and assuring operational integrity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Frey, Vice President of S...
With the introduction of IoT and Smart Living in every aspect of our lives, one question has become relevant: What are the security implications? To answer this, first we have to look and explore the security models of the technologies that IoT is founded upon. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nevi Kaja, a Research Engineer at Ford Motor Company, discussed some of the security challenges of the IoT infrastructure and related how these aspects impact Smart Living. The material was delivered interac...
Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settlement products to hedge funds and investment banks. After, he co-founded a revenue cycle management company where he learned about Bitcoin and eventually Ethereal. Andrew's role at ConsenSys Enterprise is a mul...
Amazon started as an online bookseller 20 years ago. Since then, it has evolved into a technology juggernaut that has disrupted multiple markets and industries and touches many aspects of our lives. It is a relentless technology and business model innovator driving disruption throughout numerous ecosystems. Amazon’s AWS revenues alone are approaching $16B a year making it one of the largest IT companies in the world. With dominant offerings in Cloud, IoT, eCommerce, Big Data, AI, Digital Assista...
The Founder of NostaLab and a member of the Google Health Advisory Board, John is a unique combination of strategic thinker, marketer and entrepreneur. His career was built on the "science of advertising" combining strategy, creativity and marketing for industry-leading results. Combined with his ability to communicate complicated scientific concepts in a way that consumers and scientists alike can appreciate, John is a sought-after speaker for conferences on the forefront of healthcare science,...
In his session at Cloud Expo, Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, presented a success story of an entrepreneur who has both suffered through and benefited from offshore development across multiple businesses: The smart choice, or how to select the right offshore development partner Warning signs, or how to minimize chances of making the wrong choice Collaboration, or how to establish the most effective work processes Budget control, or how to maximize project result...
In his keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Sheng Liang, co-founder and CEO of Rancher Labs, discussed the technological advances and new business opportunities created by the rapid adoption of containers. With the success of Amazon Web Services (AWS) and various open source technologies used to build private clouds, cloud computing has become an essential component of IT strategy. However, users continue to face challenges in implementing clouds, as older technologies evolve and newer ones like Docker c...
Personalization has long been the holy grail of marketing. Simply stated, communicate the most relevant offer to the right person and you will increase sales. To achieve this, you must understand the individual. Consequently, digital marketers developed many ways to gather and leverage customer information to deliver targeted experiences. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lou Casal, Founder and Principal Consultant at Practicala, discussed how the Internet of Things (IoT) has accelerated our abilit...
When shopping for a new data processing platform for IoT solutions, many development teams want to be able to test-drive options before making a choice. Yet when evaluating an IoT solution, it’s simply not feasible to do so at scale with physical devices. Building a sensor simulator is the next best choice; however, generating a realistic simulation at very high TPS with ease of configurability is a formidable challenge. When dealing with multiple application or transport protocols, you would be...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, discussed the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
Two weeks ago (November 3-5), I attended the Cloud Expo Silicon Valley as a speaker, where I presented on the security and privacy due diligence requirements for cloud solutions. Cloud security is a topical issue for every CIO, CISO, and technology buyer. Decision-makers are always looking for insights on how to mitigate the security risks of implementing and using cloud solutions. Based on the presentation topics covered at the conference, as well as the general discussions heard between sessio...
Detecting internal user threats in the Big Data eco-system is challenging and cumbersome. Many organizations monitor internal usage of the Big Data eco-system using a set of alerts. This is not a scalable process given the increase in the number of alerts with the accelerating growth in data volume and user base. Organizations are increasingly leveraging machine learning to monitor only those data elements that are sensitive and critical, autonomously establish monitoring policies, and to detect...
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
Recently, REAN Cloud built a digital concierge for a North Carolina hospital that had observed that most patient call button questions were repetitive. In addition, the paper-based process used to measure patient health metrics was laborious, not in real-time and sometimes error-prone. In their session at 21st Cloud Expo, Sean Finnerty, Executive Director, Practice Lead, Health Care & Life Science at REAN Cloud, and Dr. S.P.T. Krishnan, Principal Architect at REAN Cloud, discussed how they built...
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settl...
IoT solutions exploit operational data generated by Internet-connected smart “things” for the purpose of gaining operational insight and producing “better outcomes” (for example, create new business models, eliminate unscheduled maintenance, etc.). The explosive proliferation of IoT solutions will result in an exponential growth in the volume of IoT data, precipitating significant Information Governance issues: who owns the IoT data, what are the rights/duties of IoT solutions adopters towards t...
With tough new regulations coming to Europe on data privacy in May 2018, Calligo will explain why in reality the effect is global and transforms how you consider critical data. EU GDPR fundamentally rewrites the rules for cloud, Big Data and IoT. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Adam Ryan, Vice President and General Manager EMEA at Calligo, examined the regulations and provided insight on how it affects technology, challenges the established rules and will usher in new levels of diligence arou...
Organizations planning enterprise data center consolidation and modernization projects are faced with a challenging, costly reality. Requirements to deploy modern, cloud-native applications simultaneously with traditional client/server applications are almost impossible to achieve with hardware-centric enterprise infrastructure. Compute and network infrastructure are fast moving down a software-defined path, but storage has been a laggard. Until now.